Python etc /

Some languages, like Java, allow you to mark a class as final that means you can't inherit from it. There is how it can be implemented in a few lines (thanks to Nikita Sobolev for the implementation!):

def _init_subclass(cls, *args, **kwargs) -> None:
    raise TypeError('no subclassing!')

def final(cls):
    setattr(cls, '__init_subclass__', classmethod(_init_subclass))
    return cls

class A:

class B(A):
# TypeError: no subclassing!

In python 3.8, PEP-591 introduced It doesn't make a runtime check but is processed by mypy at static type checking instead.